Photos from www.3dwasp.com
The Crane WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) an Italian 3D printing company is in collaboration with architects to experiment in constructing 3D residences. The project is based in Massa Lombarda, Italy – 40 kilometres east of Bologna.
Weighing only 150kgs and using 1500w of power this printer can be operated by WiFi on a windows based operating system. Using local clay, to 3d print the structures, the printing system is able to create structures up to 3m high and 6.6m in diameter. Additional printer arms and the different set up configurations, means there is a global opportunity to take into consideration regional climate and resources, by using locally found materials for instance.
The structures, wherever they are built in the world can therefore be adapted to suit local requirements.
The 3d printed house “Gaia” (pictured), so named due to the use of raw soil, has an almost zero environmental impact. According to the 3dwasp website, it took only 10 days to print, and does not require heating or cooling. Using natural elements as the main part of its wall characteristics, they explained that the total cost of wall materials was under €600. From their website 3dwasp.com they explain “For the realization of Gaia, RiceHouse supplied the vegetable fibers through which WASP has developed a compound composed of 25% of soil taken from the site (30% clay, 40% silt and 30% sand), 40% from straw chopped rice, 25% rice husk and 10% hydraulic lime. The mixture has been mixed through the use of a wet pan mill, able to make the mixture homogeneous and workable”.